WHAT IS BIOCHAR
The name biochar refers to a "coal" derived from biomass thermal depolymerization processes. Thanks to its peculiar properties, it can be used to protect the environment and combat climate change.
- The biochar obtained from the controlled pyrolysis of waste materials or food waste retains most of the carbon in a stable form, limiting its release in the form of carbon dioxide, limiting the emission of greenhouse gases and mitigating the phenomenon of global warming.
- The particular surface structure of biochar, characterized by pores of heterogeneous dimensions and numerous functional groups and high surface area, makes it possible to use this material in the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants from water. It has a remarkable affinity with organic compounds such as pesticides, herbicides, dyes, which may be present in the run-off waters of agricultural land.
- If applied appropriately, in areas vulnerable to nitrates and within agricultural lands bordering the buffer strips, it has the ability to increase the activity of water purification and the action of removing pollutants.
- The biochar microstructure is an ideal environment for the growth of micro-organisms and when applied in the soil it causes an increase in microbial activity, aimed at making an effective contribution to reducing nutrient losses in water, sustainably from the environmental and economic point of view.