INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
From 1 January 2012, the introduction of the new 5.2 standard, which provides for the insertion of buffer strips along the watercourses, has affected many farmers. Buffer band is a permanently or spontaneous grass seedling, or a shrub or arboreal, spontaneous or implanted, 5 meters wide, designed to protect watercourses from pollution and runoff, that can be caused by agricultural activities.
The project proposes the study of an innovative agronomic technique, sustainable from an economic and environmental point of view, with the following goals:
- Increased purification efficiency of buffer strips, with the use of the biochar on the buffer strips themselves and with the extension to the adjacent agricultural areas;
- Carbonization of the biomass cut off by the neighboring embankments and buffer strips with the production of biochar and cogeneration of thermal and electric energy;
- Increase of the organic substance and consequently the active microbial biomass.